Spawn a child process, given a vector of arguments, an environment, and a relative path
#include <spawn.h> int spawnvpe( int mode, const char * file, char * const argv, char * const envp );
- How you want to load the child process, and how you want the parent
program to behave after the child program is initiated:
- P_WAIT — load the child program into available memory, execute it, and make the parent program resume execution after the child process ends.
- P_NOWAIT — execute the parent program concurrently with the new child process.
- P_NOWAITO — execute the parent program concurrently with the new child process. You can't use wait() to obtain the exit code.
- P_OVERLAY — replace the parent program with the child program in memory and execute the child. No return is made to the parent program. This is equivalent to calling the appropriate exec*() function.
- The name of the executable file. If this argument contains a slash, it's used as the pathname of the executable; otherwise, the function searches for file in the directories listed in the PATH environment variable.
- A pointer to an argument vector; this argument can't be NULL. The value in argv can't be NULL, and should represent the filename of the program being loaded. The last member of argv must be a NULL pointer.
NULL, or a pointer to an array of character pointers,
each pointing to a string that defines an environment variable.
The array is terminated with a NULL pointer.
Each pointer points to a character string of the form:
that's used to define an environment variable.
Use the -l c option to qcc to link against this library. This library is usually included automatically.
The spawnvpe() function creates and executes a new child process, named in file with the NULL-terminated list of arguments in the argv vector.
- In order to create a child process, your process must have the PROCMGR_AID_SPAWN ability enabled. For more information, see procmgr_ability() .
- If the new child process is a shell script, the first line must start with #!, followed by the path of the program to run to interpret the script, optionally followed by one argument. The script must also be marked as executable. For more information, see The first line in the Writing Shell Scripts chapter of the Neutrino User's Guide.
The spawnvpe() function isn't a POSIX 1003.1 function, and isn't guaranteed to behave the same on all operating systems. It calls spawnp(). For greater portability, use posix_spawn() .
Most of the spawn*() functions do a lot of work before a message is sent to procnto :
If the value of envp is NULL, then the child process inherits the environment of the parent process. The new process can access its environment by using the environ global variable (found in <unistd.h>).
The following arguments are passed to the underlying call (spawnp()):
- spawnvpe(mode, file, argv, envp)
- Map attribute flags.
Create temporary attribute structure and set the flags member based on the mode:
- 0 if mode = P_WAIT/P_NOWAIT
- SPAWN_EXEC if mode = P_OVERLAY
- SPAWN_NOZOMBIE if mode = P_NOWAITO
- Call spawnp(file, 0, 0, attr, argv, envp).
- Map attribute flags.
The spawnvpe() function's return value depends on the mode argument:
|P_WAIT||The exit status of the child process. For information about macros that extract information from this status, see Status macros in the documentation for wait().|
|P_NOWAIT||The process ID of the child process. To get the exit status for a P_NOWAIT process, you must use the waitpid() function, giving it this process ID.|
|P_NOWAITO||The process ID of the child process, or 0 if the process is being started on a remote node. You cannot get the exit status of a P_NOWAITO process.|
If an error occurs, -1 is returned (errno is set).
- The number of bytes used by the argument list or environment list of the new child process is greater than ARG_MAX bytes.
- Search permission is denied for a directory listed in the path prefix of the new child process or the new child process file doesn't have the execute bit set.
- Insufficient resources available to create the child process.
- An error occurred duplicating open file descriptors to the new process.
- The mode is P_WAIT, and the spawned process terminated before the call to waitpid() was completed.
- One of the buffers specified in the function call is invalid.
- The function was interrupted by a signal.
- An argument is invalid (e.g. arg0 is NULL, or the value of mode isn't valid).
- Too many levels of symbolic links or prefixes.
- Insufficient resources available to load the new executable image or to remap file descriptors in the child process.
- The length of file plus its path exceeds PATH_MAX or a pathname component is longer than NAME_MAX.
- The file identified by the file argument is empty, or one or more components of the pathname of the child process don't exist.
- The child process file has the correct permissions, but isn't in the correct format for an executable.
- Insufficient memory available to create the child process.
- The spawnvpe() function isn't implemented for the filesystem specified in file.
- A component of the path prefix of the child process isn't a directory.
- The calling process doesn't have the required permission; see procmgr_ability() .
- The text file that you're trying to execute is busy (e.g. it might be open for writing).
|Cancellation point||Read the Caveats|
If mode is P_WAIT, this function is a cancellation point.