Busy-wait without thread blocking for a period of time
#include <time.h> int nanospin( const struct timespec *when );
- A pointer to a timespec structure that specifies the amount of time to busy-wait for. This is a duration, not an absolute time.
Use the -l c option to qcc to link against this library. This library is usually included automatically.
The nanospin() function occupies the CPU for the amount of time specified by the argument when without blocking the calling thread. (The thread isn't taken off the ready list.) The function is essentially a do...while loop.
Because of the nature of time measurement, the function might actually wait longer than the specified time. For more information, see the Tick, Tock: Understanding the Neutrino Microkernel's Concept of Time chapter of the QNX Neutrino Programmer's Guide.
The first time you call nanospin(), the C library invokes nanospin_calibrate() with an argument of 0 (interrupts enabled), if you haven't already called it.
- The delay specified by when is greater than
A delay of more than a few milliseconds might not work on some processors. For longer delays, use the POSIX timer_*() functions.
- A too-high rate of interrupts occurred during the calibration routine.
- This system's startup-* program didn't initialize the timing information necessary to use nanospin().
|Interrupt handler||Read the Caveats|
You should use busy-waiting only when absolutely necessary for accessing hardware.
It isn't safe to call this function in an interrupt handler if nanospin_calibrate() hasn't been called yet.