Safely add to a variable
#include <atomic.h> void atomic_add( volatile unsigned * loc, unsigned incr );
- A pointer to the value that you want to add to.
- The number that you want to add.
Use the -l c option to qcc to link against this library. This library is usually included automatically.
The atomic_add() function is a thread-safe way of doing an (*loc) += incr operation, even in a symmetric-multiprocessing system.
The atomic_*() functions are guaranteed to complete without being preempted by another thread. When modifying a variable shared between a thread and an interrupt, you must either disable interrupts or use the atomic_*() functions.
The atomic_*() functions are useful for modifying variables that are referenced by more than one thread (that aren't necessarily in the same process) without having to use a mutex.
To safely increment a counter shared between multiple threads:
#include <atomic.h> … volatile unsigned count; … atomic_add( &count, 1 );