Backtraces

A backtrace is a summary of how your program got where it is. It shows one line per frame, for many frames, starting with the currently executing frame (frame 0), followed by its caller (frame 1), and on up the stack.

backtrace or bt
Print a backtrace of the entire stack, with one line per frame, for all frames in the stack.

You can stop the backtrace at any time by typing the system interrupt character, normally Ctrl C .

backtrace n or bt n
Similar, but print only the innermost n frames.
backtrace - n or bt - n
Similar, but print only the outermost n frames.

The names where and info stack ( info s) are additional aliases for backtrace.

Each line in the backtrace shows the frame number and the function name. The program counter value is also shown—unless you use set print address off. The backtrace also shows the source filename and line number, as well as the arguments to the function. The program counter value is omitted if it's at the beginning of the code for that line number.

Here's an example of a backtrace. It was made with the command bt 3, so it shows the innermost three frames:

#0  m4_traceon (obs=0x24eb0, argc=1, argv=0x2b8c8) 
    at builtin.c:993
#1  0x6e38 in expand_macro (sym=0x2b600) at macro.c:242
#2  0x6840 in expand_token (obs=0x0, t=177664, td=0xf7fffb08)
    at macro.c:71
(More stack frames follow...)

The display for frame 0 doesn't begin with a program counter value, indicating that your program has stopped at the beginning of the code for line 993 of builtin.c.