QMultiHash

The QMultiHash class is a convenience QHash subclass that provides multi-valued hashes. More...

 #include <QMultiHash>

Inherits: QHash<Key, T>.

Note: All functions in this class are reentrant.

Public Functions

QMultiHash ()
QMultiHash ( const QHash<Key, T> & other )
QHash<Key, T>::const_iterator constFind ( const Key & key, const T & value ) const
QHash<Key, T>::const_iterator constFind ( const Key & key ) const
bool contains ( const Key & key, const T & value ) const
bool contains ( const Key & key ) const
int count ( const Key & key, const T & value ) const
int count ( const Key & key ) const
int count () const
QHash<Key, T>::iterator find ( const Key & key, const T & value )
QHash<Key, T>::iterator find ( const Key & key )
QHash<Key, T>::const_iterator find ( const Key & key, const T & value ) const
QHash<Key, T>::const_iterator find ( const Key & key ) const
QHash<Key, T>::iterator insert ( const Key & key, const T & value )
int remove ( const Key & key, const T & value )
int remove ( const Key & key )
QHash<Key, T>::iterator replace ( const Key & key, const T & value )
void swap ( QMultiHash<Key, T> & other )
QMultiHash operator+ ( const QMultiHash & other ) const
QMultiHash & operator+= ( const QMultiHash & other )

Detailed Description

The QMultiHash class is a convenience QHash subclass that provides multi-valued hashes.

QMultiHash<Key, T> is one of Qt's generic container classes. It inherits QHash and extends it with a few convenience functions that make it more suitable than QHash for storing multi-valued hashes. A multi-valued hash is a hash that allows multiple values with the same key; QHash normally doesn't allow that, unless you call QHash::insertMulti().

Because QMultiHash inherits QHash, all of QHash's functionality also applies to QMultiHash. For example, you can use isEmpty() to test whether the hash is empty, and you can traverse a QMultiHash using QHash's iterator classes (for example, QHashIterator). But in addition, it provides an insert() function that corresponds to QHash::insertMulti(), and a replace() function that corresponds to QHash::insert(). It also provides convenient operator+() and operator+=().

Example:

 QMultiHash<QString, int> hash1, hash2, hash3;

 hash1.insert("plenty", 100);
 hash1.insert("plenty", 2000);
 // hash1.size() == 2

 hash2.insert("plenty", 5000);
 // hash2.size() == 1

 hash3 = hash1 + hash2;
 // hash3.size() == 3

Unlike QHash, QMultiHash provides no operator[]. Use value() or replace() if you want to access the most recently inserted item with a certain key.

If you want to retrieve all the values for a single key, you can use values(const Key &key), which returns a QList<T>:

 QList<int> values = hash.values("plenty");
 for (int i = 0; i < values.size(); ++i)
     cout << values.at(i) << endl;

The items that share the same key are available from most recently to least recently inserted.

A more efficient approach is to call find() to get the STL-style iterator for the first item with a key and iterate from there:

 QMultiHash<QString, int>::iterator i = hash.find("plenty");
 while (i != hash.end() && i.key() == "plenty") {
     cout << i.value() << endl;
     ++i;
 }

QMultiHash's key and value data types must be assignable data types. You cannot, for example, store a QWidget as a value; instead, store a QWidget *. In addition, QMultiHash's key type must provide operator==(), and there must also be a global qHash() function that returns a hash value for an argument of the key's type. See the QHash documentation for details.

See also QHash, QHashIterator, QMutableHashIterator, and QMultiMap.

Member Function Documentation

QMultiHash::QMultiHash ()

Constructs an empty hash.

QMultiHash::QMultiHash ( const QHash<Key, T> & other )

Constructs a copy of other (which can be a QHash or a QMultiHash).

See also operator=().

QHash<Key, T>::const_iterator QMultiHash::constFind ( const Key & key, const T & value ) const

Returns an iterator pointing to the item with the key and the value in the hash.

If the hash contains no such item, the function returns constEnd().

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also QHash::constFind().

QHash<Key, T>::const_iterator QMultiHash::constFind ( const Key & key ) const

This is an overloaded function.

See also QHash::constFind().

bool QMultiHash::contains ( const Key & key, const T & value ) const

Returns true if the hash contains an item with the key and value; otherwise returns false.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also QHash::contains().

bool QMultiHash::contains ( const Key & key ) const

This is an overloaded function.

See also QHash::contains().

int QMultiHash::count ( const Key & key, const T & value ) const

Returns the number of items with the key and value.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also QHash::count().

int QMultiHash::count ( const Key & key ) const

This is an overloaded function.

See also QHash::count().

int QMultiHash::count () const

This is an overloaded function.

See also QHash::count().

QHash<Key, T>::iterator QMultiHash::find ( const Key & key, const T & value )

Returns an iterator pointing to the item with the key and value. If the hash contains no such item, the function returns end().

If the hash contains multiple items with the key and value, the iterator returned points to the most recently inserted item.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also QHash::find().

QHash<Key, T>::iterator QMultiHash::find ( const Key & key )

This is an overloaded function.

See also QHash::find().

QHash<Key, T>::const_iterator QMultiHash::find ( const Key & key, const T & value ) const

This is an overloaded function.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

QHash<Key, T>::const_iterator QMultiHash::find ( const Key & key ) const

This is an overloaded function.

See also QHash::find().

QHash<Key, T>::iterator QMultiHash::insert ( const Key & key, const T & value )

Inserts a new item with the key and a value of value.

If there is already an item with the same key in the hash, this function will simply create a new one. (This behavior is different from replace(), which overwrites the value of an existing item.)

See also replace().

int QMultiHash::remove ( const Key & key, const T & value )

Removes all the items that have the key and the value value from the hash. Returns the number of items removed.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also QHash::remove().

int QMultiHash::remove ( const Key & key )

This is an overloaded function.

See also QHash::remove().

QHash<Key, T>::iterator QMultiHash::replace ( const Key & key, const T & value )

Inserts a new item with the key and a value of value.

If there is already an item with the key, that item's value is replaced with value.

If there are multiple items with the key, the most recently inserted item's value is replaced with value.

See also insert().

void QMultiHash::swap ( QMultiHash<Key, T> & other )

Swaps hash other with this hash. This operation is very fast and never fails.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.8.

QMultiHash QMultiHash::operator+ ( const QMultiHash & other ) const

Returns a hash that contains all the items in this hash in addition to all the items in other. If a key is common to both hashes, the resulting hash will contain the key multiple times.

See also operator+=().

QMultiHash & QMultiHash::operator+= ( const QMultiHash & other )

Inserts all the items in the other hash into this hash and returns a reference to this hash.

See also insert().

Last modified: 2014-03-13

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