fclose()

Close a stream

Synopsis:

#include <stdio.h>

int fclose( FILE* fp );

Arguments:

fp
The stream you want to close.

Library:

libc

Use the -l c option to qcc to link against this library. This library is usually included automatically.

Description:

The fclose() function closes the stream specified by fp. Any unwritten, buffered data is flushed before the file is closed. Any unread, buffered data is discarded.

If the associated buffer was automatically allocated, it's deallocated.

Returns:

0 for success, or EOF if an error occurred ( errno is set).

Errors:

EAGAIN
The O_NONBLOCK flag is set for the file descriptor underlying fp, and the process would be delayed in the write operation.
EBADF
The file descriptor underlying fp isn't valid.
EFBIG
One of the following:
  • An attempt was made to write a file that exceeds the maximum file size.
  • An attempt was made to write a file that exceeds the process's file size limit.
  • The file is a regular file, and an attempt was made to write at or beyond the offset maximum associated with the corresponding stream.
EINTR
The fclose() function was interrupted by a signal.
EIO
One of the following:
  • The process is a member of a background process group attempting to write to its controlling terminal, TOSTOP is set, the process is neither ignoring nor blocking SIGTTOU, and the process group of the process is orphaned.
  • (BlackBerry 10 OS extension) An I/O error occurred when writing cached data to the underlying media.
  • (BlackBerry 10 OS extension) An I/O error occurred when updating metadata on the underlying media.
  • (BlackBerry 10 OS extension) The filesystem resides on a removable media device, and the media has been forcibly removed.
ENOSPC
There was no free space remaining on the device containing the file.
ENXIO
A request was made of a nonexistent device, or the request was outside the capabilities of the device.
EPIPE
An attempt was made to write to a pipe or FIFO that wasn't open for reading by any process. A SIGPIPE signal is also sent to the thread.

Examples:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main( void )
{
    FILE *fp;

    fp = fopen( "stdio.h", "r" );
    if( fp != NULL ) {
        fclose( fp );
        
        return EXIT_SUCCESS;
    }
    
    return EXIT_FAILURE;
}

Classification:

ANSI, POSIX 1003.1

Safety:  
Cancellation point Yes
Interrupt handler No
Signal handler No
Thread Yes

Last modified: 2013-12-23

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