Apache Cordova API Documentation

Contacts

Provides access to the device contacts database.

WARNING: Collection and use of contact data raises important privacy issues. Your app's privacy policy should discuss how the app uses contact data and whether it is shared with any other parties. Contact information is considered sensitive because it reveals the people with whom a person communicates. Therefore, in addition to the app's privacy policy, you should strongly consider providing a just-in-time notice before the app accesses or uses contact data, if the device operating system doesn't do so already. That notice should provide the same information noted above, as well as obtaining the user's permission (e.g., by presenting choices for OK and No Thanks). Note that some app marketplaces may require the app to provide a just-in-time notice and obtain the user's permission before accessing contact data. A clear and easy-to-understand user experience surrounding the use of contact data helps avoid user confusion and perceived misuse of contact data. For more information, please see the Privacy Guide.

Installation

cordova plugin add org.apache.cordova.contacts

Firefox OS Quirks

Create www/manifest.webapp as described in Manifest Docs. Add relevant permisions. There is also a need to change the webapp type to "privileged" - Manifest Docs. WARNING: All privileged apps enforce Content Security Policy which forbids inline script. Initialize your application in another way.

"type": "privileged",
"permissions": {
    "contacts": {
        "access": "readwrite",
        "description": "Describe why there is a need for such permission"
    }
}

navigator.contacts

Methods

  • navigator.contacts.create
  • navigator.contacts.find

Objects

  • Contact
  • ContactName
  • ContactField
  • ContactAddress
  • ContactOrganization
  • ContactFindOptions
  • ContactError

navigator.contacts.create

The navigator.contacts.create method is synchronous, and returns a new Contact object.

This method does not retain the Contact object in the device contacts database, for which you need to invoke the Contact.save method.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • BlackBerry 10
  • Firefox OS
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8 ( Note: Windows 8 Contacts are readonly via the Cordova API Contacts are not queryable/searchable, you should inform the user to pick a contact as a call to contacts.find will open the 'People' app where the user must choose a contact. Any contacts returned are readonly, so your application cannot modify them. )

Example

var myContact = navigator.contacts.create({"displayName": "Test User"});

navigator.contacts.find

The navigator.contacts.find method executes asynchronously, querying the device contacts database and returning an array of Contact objects. The resulting objects are passed to the contactSuccess callback function specified by the contactSuccess parameter.

The contactFields parameter specifies the fields to be used as a search qualifier, and only those results are passed to the contactSuccess callback function. A zero-length contactFields parameter is invalid and results in ContactError.INVALID_ARGUMENT_ERROR. A contactFields value of "*" returns all contact fields.

The contactFindOptions.filter string can be used as a search filter when querying the contacts database. If provided, a case-insensitive, partial value match is applied to each field specified in the contactFields parameter. If there's a match for any of the specified fields, the contact is returned.

Parameters

  • contactFields: Contact fields to use as a search qualifier. The resulting Contact object only features values for these fields. (DOMString[]) [Required]

  • contactSuccess: Success callback function invoked with the array of Contact objects returned from the database. [Required]

  • contactError: Error callback function, invoked when an error occurs. [Optional]

  • contactFindOptions: Search options to filter navigator.contacts. [Optional] Keys include:

  • filter: The search string used to find navigator.contacts. (DOMString) (Default: "")

  • multiple: Determines if the find operation returns multiple navigator.contacts. (Boolean) (Default: false)

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • BlackBerry 10
  • Firefox OS
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8 ( read-only support, search requires user interaction, contactFields are ignored, only contactFindOptions.multiple is used to enable the user to select 1 or many contacts. )

Example

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    alert('Found ' + contacts.length + ' contacts.');
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};

// find all contacts with 'Bob' in any name field
var options      = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter   = "Bob";
options.multiple = true;
var fields       = ["displayName", "name"];
navigator.contacts.find(fields, onSuccess, onError, options);

Contact

The Contact object represents a user's contact. Contacts can be created, stored, or removed from the device contacts database. Contacts can also be retrieved (individually or in bulk) from the database by invoking the navigator.contacts.find method.

NOTE: Not all of the contact fields listed above are supported on every device platform. Please check each platform's Quirks section for details.

Properties

  • id: A globally unique identifier. (DOMString)

  • displayName: The name of this Contact, suitable for display to end users. (DOMString)

  • name: An object containing all components of a persons name. (ContactName)

  • nickname: A casual name by which to address the contact. (DOMString)

  • phoneNumbers: An array of all the contact's phone numbers. (ContactField[])

  • emails: An array of all the contact's email addresses. (ContactField[])

  • addresses: An array of all the contact's addresses. (ContactAddress[])

  • ims: An array of all the contact's IM addresses. (ContactField[])

  • organizations: An array of all the contact's organizations. (ContactOrganization[])

  • birthday: The birthday of the contact. (Date)

  • note: A note about the contact. (DOMString)

  • photos: An array of the contact's photos. (ContactField[])

  • categories: An array of all the user-defined categories associated with the contact. (ContactField[])

  • urls: An array of web pages associated with the contact. (ContactField[])

Methods

  • clone: Returns a new Contact object that is a deep copy of the calling object, with the id property set to null.

  • remove: Removes the contact from the device contacts database, otherwise executes an error callback with a ContactError object.

  • save: Saves a new contact to the device contacts database, or updates an existing contact if a contact with the same id already exists.

Supported Platforms

  • Amazon Fire OS
  • Android
  • BlackBerry 10
  • Firefox OS
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8

Save Example

function onSuccess(contact) {
    alert("Save Success");
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert("Error = " + contactError.code);
};

// create a new contact object
var contact = navigator.contacts.create();
contact.displayName = "Plumber";
contact.nickname = "Plumber";            // specify both to support all devices

// populate some fields
var name = new ContactName();
name.givenName = "Jane";
name.familyName = "Doe";
contact.name = name;

// save to device
contact.save(onSuccess,onError);

Clone Example

    // clone the contact object
    var clone = contact.clone();
    clone.name.givenName = "John";
    console.log("Original contact name = " + contact.name.givenName);
    console.log("Cloned contact name = " + clone.name.givenName);

Remove Example

function onSuccess() {
    alert("Removal Success");
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert("Error = " + contactError.code);
};

// remove the contact from the device
contact.remove(onSuccess,onError);

Android 2.X Quirks

  • categories: Not supported on Android 2.X devices, returning null.

BlackBerry 10 Quirks

  • id: Assigned by the device when saving the contact.

FirefoxOS Quirks

  • categories: Partially supported. Fields pref and type are returning null

  • ims: Not supported

  • photos: Not supported

iOS Quirks

  • displayName: Not supported on iOS, returning null unless there is no ContactName specified, in which case it returns the composite name, nickname or "", respectively.

  • birthday: Must be input as a JavaScript Date object, the same way it is returned.

  • photos: Returns a File URL to the image, which is stored in the application's temporary directory. Contents of the temporary directory are removed when the application exits.

  • categories: This property is currently not supported, returning null.

Windows Phone 7 and 8 Quirks

  • displayName: When creating a contact, the value provided for the display name parameter differs from the display name retrieved when finding the contact.

  • urls: When creating a contact, users can input and save more than one web address, but only one is available when searching the contact.

  • phoneNumbers: The pref option is not supported. The type is not supported in a find operation. Only one phoneNumber is allowed for each type.

  • emails: The pref option is not supported. Home and personal references same email entry. Only one entry is allowed for each type.

  • addresses: Supports only work, and home/personal type. The home and personal type reference the same address entry. Only one entry is allowed for each type.

  • organizations: Only one is allowed, and does not support the pref, type, and department attributes.

  • note: Not supported, returning null.

  • ims: Not supported, returning null.

  • birthdays: Not supported, returning null.

  • categories: Not supported, returning null.

ContactAddress

The ContactAddress object stores the properties of a single address of a contact. A Contact object may include more than one address in a ContactAddress[] array.

Properties

  • pref: Set to true if this ContactAddress contains the user's preferred value. (boolean)

  • type: A string indicating what type of field this is, home for example. (DOMString)

  • formatted: The full address formatted for display. (DOMString)

  • streetAddress: The full street address. (DOMString)

  • locality: The city or locality. (DOMString)

  • region: The state or region. (DOMString)

  • postalCode: The zip code or postal code. (DOMString)

  • country: The country name. (DOMString)

Supported Platforms

  • Amazon Fire OS
  • Android
  • BlackBerry 10
  • Firefox OS
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8

Example

// display the address information for all contacts

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i = 0; i < navigator.contacts.length; i++) {
        for (var j = 0; j < contacts[i].addresses.length; j++) {
            alert("Pref: "         + contacts[i].addresses[j].pref          + "\n" +
                "Type: "           + contacts[i].addresses[j].type          + "\n" +
                "Formatted: "      + contacts[i].addresses[j].formatted     + "\n" +
                "Street Address: " + contacts[i].addresses[j].streetAddress + "\n" +
                "Locality: "       + contacts[i].addresses[j].locality      + "\n" +
                "Region: "         + contacts[i].addresses[j].region        + "\n" +
                "Postal Code: "    + contacts[i].addresses[j].postalCode    + "\n" +
                "Country: "        + contacts[i].addresses[j].country);
        }
    }
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};

// find all contacts
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
var filter = ["displayName", "addresses"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

Android 2.X Quirks

  • pref: Not supported, returning false on Android 2.X devices.

BlackBerry 10 Quirks

  • pref: Not supported on BlackBerry devices, returning false.

  • type: Partially supported. Only one each of Work and Home type addresses can be stored per contact.

  • formatted: Partially supported. Returns a concatenation of all BlackBerry address fields.

  • streetAddress: Supported. Returns a concatenation of BlackBerry address1 and address2 address fields.

  • locality: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry city address field.

  • region: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry stateProvince address field.

  • postalCode: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry zipPostal address field.

  • country: Supported.

FirefoxOS Quirks

  • formatted: Currently not supported

iOS Quirks

  • pref: Not supported on iOS devices, returning false.

  • formatted: Currently not supported.

Windows 8 Quirks

  • pref: Not supported

ContactError

The ContactError object is returned to the user through the contactError callback function when an error occurs.

Properties

  • code: One of the predefined error codes listed below.

Constants

  • ContactError.UNKNOWN_ERROR
  • ContactError.INVALID_ARGUMENT_ERROR
  • ContactError.TIMEOUT_ERROR
  • ContactError.PENDING_OPERATION_ERROR
  • ContactError.IO_ERROR
  • ContactError.NOT_SUPPORTED_ERROR
  • ContactError.PERMISSION_DENIED_ERROR

ContactField

The ContactField object is a reusable component that represents contact fields generically. Each ContactField object contains a value, type, and pref property. A Contact object stores several properties in ContactField[] arrays, such as phone numbers and email addresses.

In most instances, there are no pre-determined values for a ContactField object's type attribute. For example, a phone number can specify type values of home, work, mobile, iPhone, or any other value that is supported by a particular device platform's contact database. However, for the Contact photos field, the type field indicates the format of the returned image: url when the value attribute contains a URL to the photo image, or base64 when the value contains a base64-encoded image string.

Properties

  • type: A string that indicates what type of field this is, home for example. (DOMString)

  • value: The value of the field, such as a phone number or email address. (DOMString)

  • pref: Set to true if this ContactField contains the user's preferred value. (boolean)

Supported Platforms

  • Amazon Fire OS
  • Android
  • BlackBerry 10
  • Firefox OS
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8

Example

    // create a new contact
    var contact = navigator.contacts.create();

    // store contact phone numbers in ContactField[]
    var phoneNumbers = [];
    phoneNumbers[0] = new ContactField('work', '212-555-1234', false);
    phoneNumbers[1] = new ContactField('mobile', '917-555-5432', true); // preferred number
    phoneNumbers[2] = new ContactField('home', '203-555-7890', false);
    contact.phoneNumbers = phoneNumbers;

    // save the contact
    contact.save();

Android Quirks

  • pref: Not supported, returning false.

BlackBerry 10 Quirks

  • type: Partially supported. Used for phone numbers.

  • value: Supported.

  • pref: Not supported, returning false.

iOS Quirks

  • pref: Not supported, returning false.

Windows8 Quirks

  • pref: Not supported, returning false.

ContactName

Contains different kinds of information about a Contact object's name.

Properties

  • formatted: The complete name of the contact. (DOMString)

  • familyName: The contact's family name. (DOMString)

  • givenName: The contact's given name. (DOMString)

  • middleName: The contact's middle name. (DOMString)

  • honorificPrefix: The contact's prefix (example Mr. or Dr.) (DOMString)

  • honorificSuffix: The contact's suffix (example Esq.). (DOMString)

Supported Platforms

  • Amazon Fire OS
  • Android 2.X
  • BlackBerry 10
  • Firefox OS
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8

Example

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i = 0; i < navigator.contacts.length; i++) {
        alert("Formatted: "  + contacts[i].name.formatted       + "\n" +
            "Family Name: "  + contacts[i].name.familyName      + "\n" +
            "Given Name: "   + contacts[i].name.givenName       + "\n" +
            "Middle Name: "  + contacts[i].name.middleName      + "\n" +
            "Suffix: "       + contacts[i].name.honorificSuffix + "\n" +
            "Prefix: "       + contacts[i].name.honorificSuffix);
    }
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};

var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
filter = ["displayName", "name"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

Android Quirks

  • formatted: Partially supported, and read-only. Returns a concatenation of honorificPrefix, givenName, middleName, familyName, and honorificSuffix.

BlackBerry 10 Quirks

  • formatted: Partially supported. Returns a concatenation of BlackBerry firstName and lastName fields.

  • familyName: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry lastName field.

  • givenName: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry firstName field.

  • middleName: Not supported, returning null.

  • honorificPrefix: Not supported, returning null.

  • honorificSuffix: Not supported, returning null.

FirefoxOS Quirks

  • formatted: Partially supported, and read-only. Returns a concatenation of honorificPrefix, givenName, middleName, familyName, and honorificSuffix.

iOS Quirks

  • formatted: Partially supported. Returns iOS Composite Name, but is read-only.

Windows 8 Quirks

  • formatted: This is the only name property, and is identical to displayName, and nickname

  • familyName: not supported

  • givenName: not supported

  • middleName: not supported

  • honorificPrefix: not supported

  • honorificSuffix: not supported

ContactOrganization

The ContactOrganization object stores a contact's organization properties. A Contact object stores one or more ContactOrganization objects in an array.

Properties

  • pref: Set to true if this ContactOrganization contains the user's preferred value. (boolean)

  • type: A string that indicates what type of field this is, home for example. _(DOMString)

  • name: The name of the organization. (DOMString)

  • department: The department the contract works for. (DOMString)

  • title: The contact's title at the organization. (DOMString)

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • BlackBerry 10
  • Firefox OS
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8

Example

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i = 0; i < navigator.contacts.length; i++) {
        for (var j = 0; j < contacts[i].organizations.length; j++) {
            alert("Pref: "      + contacts[i].organizations[j].pref       + "\n" +
                "Type: "        + contacts[i].organizations[j].type       + "\n" +
                "Name: "        + contacts[i].organizations[j].name       + "\n" +
                "Department: "  + contacts[i].organizations[j].department + "\n" +
                "Title: "       + contacts[i].organizations[j].title);
        }
    }
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};

var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
filter = ["displayName", "organizations"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

Android 2.X Quirks

  • pref: Not supported by Android 2.X devices, returning false.

BlackBerry 10 Quirks

  • pref: Not supported by BlackBerry devices, returning false.

  • type: Not supported by BlackBerry devices, returning null.

  • name: Partially supported. The first organization name is stored in the BlackBerry company field.

  • department: Not supported, returning null.

  • title: Partially supported. The first organization title is stored in the BlackBerry jobTitle field.

Firefox OS Quirks

  • pref: Not supported

  • type: Not supported

  • department: Not supported

  • Fields name and title stored in org and jobTitle.

iOS Quirks

  • pref: Not supported on iOS devices, returning false.

  • type: Not supported on iOS devices, returning null.

  • name: Partially supported. The first organization name is stored in the iOS kABPersonOrganizationProperty field.

  • department: Partially supported. The first department name is stored in the iOS kABPersonDepartmentProperty field.

  • title: Partially supported. The first title is stored in the iOS kABPersonJobTitleProperty field.

Last modified: 2014-05-15



Got questions about leaving a comment? Get answers from our Disqus FAQ.

comments powered by Disqus